FANO: the new Russian sugar beet bypassed by foreign sugar
MOSCOW, January 13. /TASS/. Grown in the past year varieties of sugar beet domestic breeding has surpassed foreign analogues on the sugar content. This became known in the result of summarizing the ecological and geographical trials of this vegetable in six regions of the Russian Federation. Breeding of the Russian beet is important for import substitution: it is now about 97% of the areas planted with foreign seed, the press service of the Federal Agency of scientific organizations (FANO).
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“Studies have shown that domestic seeds for a number of parameters surpass foreign analogues, in particular the sugar content. Domestic varieties are also distinguished by a high adaptability to the conditions of cultivation,” the report said . “Modern hybrids of domestic breeding, such as Ramoz, Competition, Change, RMS 127, according to the complex of economic-valuable signs are competitive with the best foreign analogues”, – said the Director of the Russian research Institute of sugar beet them. A. L. Mazlumov Igor Apasov in the report which he presented at a joint meeting of FANO and the Ministry of agriculture on development of selection and genetics in agriculture.
All the tests involved 12 hybrids, nine of them were domestic. They were landed in Voronezh, Belgorod, Tambov, Leningrad regions, and in Krasnodar Krai and Altai. Besides the higher sugar content, native varieties also showed high adaptability to the conditions of cultivation. On the productivity of domestic hybrids are slightly inferior to the best foreign analogues (less than 10%).
Commenting on the results of the tests, Apasov noted that when modifying existing hybrids, especially for uniformity of root crops, Russia will be able in the short term significantly reduce the dependence on imports of foreign seeds.
Currently, FANO develops a comprehensive plan of research on breeding and seed production of sugar beet. In the framework of this project on improving the domestic hybrids together with the leading specialized scientific institutes will work geneticists, biologists, and leading agricultural research institutions.
“A unified program of scientific studies on sugar beets has several objectives. The first is to organize all of the fundamental research in this direction. The circle of involved research teams will be as wide as possible. The second objective is to provide competitive seed genetic material. We should focus only on modern breeding schemes, which will allow you to create a reproducible seed production, seed production, hybrids that meet modern requirements”, – said the head of the FANO Russia Mikhail Kotyukov.