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In Portugal found the skull of “protoneolithic”

The new remains were among the oldest found in Western Europe.

Researchers from Lisbon University together with colleagues from Spain, Germany and the United States describe in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found in Portugal fragments of skulls whose age was about 400 thousand years. The remains found in the cave of Aroeira in the end rastopochnoe of the 2014 season, and transported to the laboratory together with the surrounding rock. The harvesting took more than two years.


Reconstruction of a Neanderthal who lived about 70 million years ago. (Photo: Ceeyefaitch / Flickr.com.)

The skull from the cave of Aroeira. (Photo: J. Daura et al. / PNAS.)

Chopped from the cave of Aroeira. (Photo: J. Daura et al. / PNAS.) ”

The skull is not completely preserved: it was part of the cranial cap, fragments of jaws and bones of the nasal cavity, and particles of two teeth . It’s the oldest human remains ever found in the country, and one of the most ancient in Western Europe. The remains were discovered along with Choppa – guns, typical of the Acheulean culture. Nearby lay the bones of animals with signs of fire. Findings date back to a period between 390 and 436 thousand years ago.

Incomplete preservation of the skull is not possible to determine exactly the kind of person who owned the bones. There are a number of features that have long been considered a Neanderthal, and also some similarities with the skulls of about the same time from Spain, France and Italy. The new finding may not only clarify the origin of the Neanderthals, but also tell about the ways of settlement of ancient Homo in Europe.

According to the materials of Ancient Origins, the Christian Science Monitor.

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