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In the new nuclear doctrine of the United States stated that the country wants to maintain stable relations with Russia

© AP Photo/Patrick Semansky

WASHINGTON, January 12. /TASS/. The US does not want to assume the enemy is neither Russia nor China; Washington seeks to establish stable relations with Moscow and with Beijing. This is stated in the new nuclear doctrine of the USA published the online edition of the Huffington Post. The document contains 64 pages. The order about preparation of the new nuclear doctrine of the US President Donald trump gave on 27 January 2017.

See also

The national security strategy of the United States. Dossier

“The United States does not have the desire to be treated as the enemy, nor Russia, nor China, and achieve the [building] a stable relationship with both [these countries]”, – assured the authors of the document.

However, they remind that “the United States and Russia in the past supported a strategic dialogue to prevent exit from the control of competition and risk in the nuclear field” . However, in recent years “this constructive interaction has declined significantly,” acknowledged the drafters of the doctrine. They argue that the incident is due to “actions of the Russian side”. These include the Pentagon and the reunification of the Crimea with Russia, described as “illegal annexation” of the Peninsula.

“We look forward to [the emergence] of the conditions, which again will allow [US to organize] in a peaceful and constructive cooperation with Russia”, – emphasized in the doctrine. At the same time in the Preface, drawn up by U.S. Secretary of defense James Mattis, expressed the opinion that Russia has developed a military strategy of “nuclear escalation” to the task. “This development, along with Russia’s invasion of Crimea and nuclear threats against our allies, shameless marked Russia’s return to the competition of great powers,” – said the head of the military Department of the USA.

The cost of nuclear deterrence

In the new nuclear doctrine of the USA also stated that the United States needs in the next 10 years by more than two fold increase in expenditure on its Arsenal of nuclear deterrence.

“The cost of [building] nuclear deterrence today is approximately 3% of the annual defence budget [US approximately $700 billion]”, – stated in the Preface to this document, which was written by a Pentagon chief James Mattis. – Additional funding [in the amount] of 3-4% for more than 10 years will be required to replace these aging systems.” “This is the highest priority vинистерства defense [US],” says Mattis.

A new round of nuclear disarmament

Russia rejects US proposals to conduct a new round of nuclear arms reductions. Such data are contained in the new nuclear doctrine of the United States.

“In the broader context of… Russia rejects U.S. efforts to ensure that [the implementation] of the New Treaty on the reduction of strategic offensive arms (Treaty on measures for the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms, known as the American party to the New start – approx. TASS) followed by a new round of downsizing [of the nuclear arsenals of Moscow and Washington] through negotiation, and reduce non-strategic nuclear forces,” write the authors of the document.

“However, the New start Treaty remains in effect until February 2021, and by mutual consent [of the parties] may be extended for up to five years until 2026”, – stated in the text of the new doctrine.

It also reaffirms that the United States, despite the current military-political situation in the world, are going to continue to implement the New start Treaty. “The United States has already implemented the Central limits of the Treaty, which should be achieved by February 5, 2018, and will continue the implementation of the New start Treaty,” – emphasizes the Pentagon.

New start Treaty entered into force on 5 February 2011. It provides that the US and Russia reduce their nuclear arsenals so that after seven years in the future the total number of weapons did not exceed 700 deployed Intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), ballistic missiles on submarines (SLBMs) and heavy bombers (TB), 1,550 warheads on these missiles, 800 deployed and non-deployed launchers of ICBMs, SLBMs, and TB.

The nuclear triad

The United States intends to maintain its nuclear triad, despite calls from a number of prominent American experts insisting on the refusal of Washington from land-based ICBMs, it is also stated in the document.

“The refusal of any of the components of the triad greatly facilitate the enemy plan of attack and would allow the enemy to concentrate resources and attention on the destruction of the two remaining [its] components,” say the authors of the document. “Therefore, we will maintain the existing system of our triad until, until will not be realized [their] replacement,” – emphasizes the Pentagon.

Meanwhile, many American experts say that at this stage strategic nuclear deterrence, the United States can quite successfully provide and failure from silo-based ICBMs from the nuclear submarines and heavy bombers. All these components constitute the nuclear triad.

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