|

Paid Parking from Moscow to Tokyo: what is the difference between Parking in different countries of the world

The paid Parking on Krasnopresnenskaya embankment in Moscow

© Anton novoderezhkin/TASS

The world’s first device for receiving payment for Parking was installed in Oklahoma city 82 years ago, in mid-July 1935. The Parking machines were mechanical, and it was necessary to pay coins.

Soon such devices has spread around the world. For example, in Tokyo the Parking meters were installed in January 1959 the payment is also produced coins. A lump sum to pay only for the 90 minutes, so office workers had to hire messengers to renew the Parking lot.

One of the punitive measures for those who parked without paying, was the installation of interlocks on the wheel. This idea was offered by a violinist, Denver Symphony orchestra Frank Marg. He invented this device in 1944, but did not know what it can be used. In 1954, buddy Maraga policeman Dan Stills told about the problem to get the Parking payment, it is necessary to evacuate cars to the impound lot . And since the latter were in disadvantaged areas and poorly guarded, cars were beaten and stolen from their salons in different subjects. Furious motorists bombarded police with lawsuits. Here the violinist and told him about my old idea. For the first time the lock was used by the police of Denver in 1955. Only for the first month of using this device is brought into the Treasury 18 million dollars (in 3.6 thousand of dollars then you could buy a Chevrolet Corvette sports). The device was nicknamed the “Denver Shoe” and became widely used in the world.

Rent of urban land

The main reason for the introduction of paid Parking — not income for the city budget, experts say. “Paid Parking is a tool for the settlement of supply and demand. The city can’t provide any interested person an opportunity to move your car smoothly and without traffic jams,” says the urbanist, the author of the project “City for people” Arkady Gershman. The experts of this organization, including helping in the design of a number of objects in the frames of improvement program “My street” and conducted a study of Parking spaces Tver.

The content material

Moscow: from strong men to the Parking lots for electric vehicles

New York: Manhattan is expensive, in Harlem dangerous

Rio de Janeiro: underground Parking and clogged Parking

London: expensive, but free Parking

Paris: setting a course for deauthorisation

Rome: loyal police and Parking spaces in three rows

Madrid: heavy fines and strict control

Bangkok: immobilize violators

Beijing: the Parking attendants on mopeds

Tokyo: lift-Parking and charging for electric vehicles

Gershman argues that the paid Parking encourages people to leave the car at home and go to work by bus or tram.

“A positive effect (from paid Parking in Moscow) already observed: in the centre of the city began to enter 20% of cars less,” — quoted urbanist.

He is convinced that paid Parking is the analog of the lease. “No one ever said that the city needs to provide you a Parking space. You bought a car, you buy petrol, so you have the money. In fact, when you take the urban area is to rent. If there is not enough Parking, you might want to sell a car?” — says urbanist.

According to him, the price of Parking hours need to dynamically change: “Pricing should be such that within one quarter of was always at least one Parking space. If there is demand and there are no available seats, then the price should rise. If the Parking lot is empty, the price should fall”.

As charge for Parking in different cities in the review of the TASS.

Moscow: from strong men to the Parking lots for electric vehicles

Now the paid Parking is in almost all the major cities of the world, including in Moscow. They first appeared in the Russian capital in 1997. Fee charged the Parking sturdy men in green uniforms. Was lubartowski, collecting money in your own pocket. The price has changed several times, 10 September 2008 paid Parking has been abolished.

See also

Moscow received the award for the quality of the organization of Parking garages

In 2012, the Petrovka and Karetny Ryad Parking again made to pay for the hours the drivers had to pay 50 rubles an Experiment was considered successful. In 2013 became paid Parking within the Boulevard ring. Then its area was expanded first to the Garden, and then to the Third transport ring (TTK). Finally, in 2016 paid Parking appeared outside the TTC.

Now the cost of Parking in different districts of Moscow, within the Boulevard ring for one hour of Parking you need to pay 200 rubles., and outside the TTC — only 40. You can pay through the website, mobile app, SMS and in Parking machines. The latter accept only credit cards.

Free Parking for the disabled, motorcyclists and drivers of electric vehicles. In addition, on holidays and on Sundays Parking is free.

For residents of homes that fall within the paid Parking zone, provided the residence permit — free Parking from 20.00 to 8.00.

New York: Manhattan is expensive, in Harlem dangerous

More new Yorkers than other Americans, lose time searching for Parking and paying for it too much more. Manufacturer of mobile apps for drivers Inrix estimates that the average driver in new York spends 107 hours per year in the search for Parking and spend two hours Parking US $ 33.

Manhattan Parking on the edges of the roadway is paid from 7 am to 7 PM on weekdays. Evening and night Parking is free, but personal cars in this part of town is becoming much less.

See also

“Yandex” has launched a service to find vacant Parking

But in the North, for example in Harlem, free Parking is available almost always and everywhere. However, in Harlem to leave your car for a long time is not recommended. It can open doors or purposely scratch the wing or the hood.

Police officers responsible for Parking (in new York they are called “warden”, from the warden — “the caretaker”, “custodian”), very loyal. In Manhattan they politely suggest standing in the wrong place for drivers to go and look through my fingers when they circle back to its former place.

The best options for Parking are surface Parking. One hour Parking is $ 4 (240 rubles; here and below prices are given in rubles at the CBR exchange rate on the down 17.07.2017. — Approx. TASS), two hours — $ 8, three $ 15. Most often, the duration of Parking is limited to these three hours. Municipal Parking that is significantly less, offer a cheaper rate: 5 $ (300 RUB) for the first hour plus $ 2 for each additional hour. You can buy a month subscription, which will cost $ 300 (about 18 thousand rubles.).

See also

The yard, sidewalk, lawn and the school: how much is a Parking

Rates in many of the underground multi-level garages is much higher. Usually for the first 30 minutes, the driver took 12 USD (722 USD), for the first hour — already $ 41 (2467.), two hours — $ 56 (3370 RUB). At the same time for ten hours will have to pay only 10 dollars more. Some car parks can take a full three hours of Parking regardless of how long you staid ten minutes or all three hours.

Rio de Janeiro: underground Parking and clogged Parking

The problem of availability of Parking spaces relevant to all motorists in Rio de Janeiro. Machines to pay for Parking in the metropolis of Brazil no. The only exceptions are underground Parking lots in some supermarkets, where for an hour you will have to pay from 7 to 10 reais (130-190 rubles). Private fenced Parking are present in many parts of Rio de Janeiro, but there is a fee for Parking above. In the centre, where most offices, or in the southern part of the city most popular with tourists, hour Parking sometimes can cost 20 reais (375 rubles). Municipal Parking is much cheaper: one-two hours you need to pay only 2 real (38 rubles). The problem is that these facilities usually are always busy and look for a place to have more than an hour.

The money for this Parking lot you need to give the Valet, which gives the car a special pass, which must be put under the windshield. In the prestigious and popular tourist areas for Parking with the driver’s want to get at least 20-30 reais (more than 500 rubles), and instead allowed to “stand all you want”.

In addition, in Rio de Janeiro is quite common to encounter illegal Parkers. This people organize Parking where they are not provided by the municipal authorities. The cost of an hour of Parking in this case depends on the ambition and imagination “entrepreneurs”.

London: expensive, but free Parking

Leave the car in Central London during the working day is possible only on private Parking lots, paying for the hours to 7-10 pounds (550-780 RUB). Away from the city center there is city Parking, but to Park in them only within a few hours 2-4 pounds per hour (150-300 rubles). As a rule, always there are those and other parks, as the local population prefers to use public transport.

The penalty for violation of Parking rules is £ 100 (was 7800 RUB.), but, as in Russia, there is a 50% discount if the penalty is paid within 14 days. From 18.30 to 08.00 local time in the British capital free Parking is allowed on all sides with applied single yellow line. Sunday and festive days in London Parking is free almost everywhere.

Paris: setting a course for deauthorisation

Since 2001 in Paris took 23 thousand street Parking spaces. They were transformed for various needs of the city: the creation of bus lanes, Parking lots for bicycles or electric vehicles.

Just on the roadside, there are 154 thousand Parking spaces. In addition, you can leave your car in the underground Parking lots and in the garages of private homes. The total number of Parking spaces, thus, is 800 thousand, And their number is constantly decreasing.

Paris fights for the sake of ecology motorists. Despite the protests of the drivers, mayor Anne Hidalgo has imposed a ban on entry to the centre to cars manufactured before 1997 and for cars with diesel engines. In addition, during the year, work will begin on the narrowing of roads — instead of car lanes can assist with bike lanes.

Policy of the authorities to deauthorisation includes new Parking rates. From 1 January 2018 and introduces a progressive fee for Parking in the old part of the city. The first two hours, as at present, will cost 4 euros (275 RUB.) each. The third and next hours will cost 8 euros. Longer than seven hours will be impossible. Maximum “daily” Parking will cost the Parisian 62 euros (about 4200 rubles). Fines for unpaid Parking in the city centre from the 1st of January will be 50 Euro (3500 roubles). On the outskirts of softer punishment — 35 euros (2400 roubles).

Rome: loyal police and Parking spaces in three rows

Paid Parking spaces in the Italian capital marked with blue lines, and they are much more than free. However, neither one nor the other places are missing (which is quite natural for a city with 28 centuries of history, which is not designed for so many vehicles).

See also

Danger in the air: the breath megacities

In Rome you can often see parked cars in two or three rows. The penalty for this is 39 euros (about 2700 USD), but rarely fined. The first commandment not to disturb other motorists, and not to fall into place for persons with disabilities.

Price municipal Parking an average of 1 Euro per hour, eight hours are 4 euros (275 rubles). Private Parking is much more expensive: 5 euros per hour.

Fines for Parking on lawns, and bus lanes and public transport ranged from 41 to 90 euros depending on the place. Generally, notice sent by mail and ask for is another 11 euros for shipping.

According to the latest amendments to the law, the payment of the fine within five days the state provides a 30% discount.

Madrid: heavy fines and strict control

The Parking situation in the Central districts of Madrid are very complex, Parking spaces are few and they are all paid for. Car parks are divided into two categories: those marked with blue lines (cheaper), others — green (more expensive). Moreover, the motorist is forbidden in the day time to Park the car in the same area for more than four hours. The only exceptions are residents of the area. Often the driver for a long time we have to circle the neighborhood to find a Parking space.

The average cost is around 2 euros (140 RUB.). For hybrid and electric vehicles a discount. Night and Sunday street Parking is free.

For compliance with Parking regulations monitor employees of special services. And the penalty may be discharged to the motorist, even if it’s only a couple of minutes later, the paid time will come to the car. Temperamental Spaniards are in such cases highly expressive Express his displeasure.

In addition, there are paid underground Parking in the center more, but the price is higher than “street”. The cost of an hour — 3 euros (206 rubles) and above. But despite the inhumane price tag, these Parking lots are also often overcrowded.

The fine for illegal Parking is 100-200 Euro (7-14 thousand rubles). Usually the owner of the car receives a notification by mail. The evacuation of the car — the phenomenon is more rare.

Bangkok: immobilize violators

The streets of the capital of Thailand is almost completely devoid of Parking pockets. On the sidewalks there is also Parking not accepted — they are already busy with stalls of merchants. As a rule, the townspeople leave their “iron horses” directly on the roadway, if necessary to absent himself for a while. Parking exist, but are extremely rare. Parking can cost from 10 to 100 baht (18-180 RUB) per hour, so to find another use for land plots in Bangkok, where every free square meter struggling developers a lot easier.

Out of Bangkok residents Parking located underground and the ground floors of office buildings and numerous shopping centers. Even in residential high-rise buildings, the first floors here always pay for Parking or build a separate building for Parking. In the search space, sometimes one can wander through the serpentine Parking and drive on the 20th floor.

At most shopping centres you can Park the car for three hours. A longer stay is free only for those who left in the shops a substantial amount. Parking in office buildings is more complicated: it is free only for employees and visitors of companies that rent office. The rest will have to pay from 20 to 100 THB per hour.

At weekends, the queue for Parking at the popular shopping centers of Bangkok you can spend at least an hour. However, almost everywhere available complimentary valet parking — car keys is left to the Valet, who himself will find a place for your car.

Parking in shopping malls, offices and various skyscrapers — all this is true for business and shopping area of Bangkok. In historical neighborhoods, among the palaces and the Buddhist pagodas, to leave the car almost anywhere.

For the Parking violation on the car wheel can put a lock. The car owner must walk or taxi to get to the police station and there to pay a fine of 500 baht (900 rubles). After this we need to return to the car and wait for police, who will remove the lock.

Beijing: the Parking attendants on mopeds

Despite a well-developed system of public transport of Beijing, many motorists are unwilling to give up their “iron horses”. In the end, Parking on a weekday in the city centre becomes a fairly trivial task.

Parking in Beijing can be of two types: private and municipal. The first are often located in the underground garages of residential houses, commercial and entertainment centers, as well as in a multilevel garage complex. City Parking is indicated by white lines on the curb and the sidewalk.

And those on the other stations staffed by men in orange vests and scooter Parking enforcement. They help to put the car: despite the advent of cameras and PDC, without them it is a difficult task. The fact that the distance between the vehicles is calculated in centimeters, and some drivers have to leave their vehicle through the passenger door and sometimes through a window.

Making sure that the machine is not blocking other cars, the Valet will consolidate under the “janitor” on the windshield a piece of paper with a timestamp of arrival, and will ask you for how long you plan to keep the car. Near shops and shopping centres free Parking period is 15 minutes, in other places it is half an hour.

Day Parking costs about 7 yuan per hour. In expensive parts of the city the prices are higher — up to 15 yuan. The first hour of Parking is the cheapest — price for each subsequent can be up to six times higher. In addition, “increased” tariff may be applied during rush hour.

Such rates are in the city from 7 am to 9 PM. Night tariff is much cheaper and ranges from 1 to 2.5 yuan per hour (10-25 rubles).

© TASS

Violation of Parking rules may be noted as arrived on the scene inspector and surveillance cameras that are even on secondary streets and yard areas of residential neighborhoods. In the first case, the ticket will be waiting under the “janitor” of the vehicle or on the driver door handle, the second she come in the mail.

The fine for improper Parking or stopping in the wrong place is 200 yuan (about 1770 RUB.). You can also get two penalty points; if the year the driver picks up 12 “points” — he is deprived of rights.

If the driver does not pay the Parking lot, the him about this “recall” the Valet — they are armed with scooters or Bicycle, so to escape from it in traffic jams very difficult.

Tokyo: lift-Parking and charging for electric vehicles

Any driver knows in Tokyo: free Parking in the city is impossible. Of course, there are exceptions, for example evenings and weekends free become a separate space on the municipal Parking lots. But it is rather a rare exception.

The system of car parks in the Japanese capital developed through the joint efforts of the city authorities and private companies. Any business centre or hypermarket mandatory offers underground Parking for a few tens or even hundreds of locations, many of which have charging points for electric cars.

Usually city Parking arranged close to popular attractions and public institutions. The cost of Parking depends on the time of stay in the Parking lot. On average, an hour costs 500 yen (266 RUB.). In most cases there is a maximum limit of cost of Parking, when it is reached the counter stops. For example, an hour of Parking costs 500 yen, and a maximum limit of 12 hours is 2000 yen (about 1 thousand rubles). This means that after the fourth hour the car is free.

See also

As the lives of the Japanese Prime Minister Abe: a guide to Tokyo and its surroundings for the first persons

Sometimes Parking is along the shoulders of certain roads in Tokyo. However, such places in the city is still very small, and stand on them no more than an hour. Each piece is equipped with individual Parking meter where payment can be made with coins. If the car will stand for more than an hour, the device turns on the red light, giving the signal “Parking police”: here you can write a fine.

However, most motorists in Tokyo rely on the small private Parking, which major operators are satisfied on each and every appropriate piece of land — within a hundred metres of Parking can be more than five. Usually they are not more than ten places, but there are “micropurchase” — only one or two places. Sometimes they are located in so remote places that call to them can only master drive on a narrow Tokyo streets. Pricing here is about the same as in the municipal Parking lots: 200 to 1,500 yen per hour (100-800 RUB) and with the maximum limit of 12 hours for the price of 1 up to 4-5 thousand yen (530-2600 RUB), depending on location.

A separate discussion of Parking in shopping centres and large stores. In fact, free to Park on them does not, however, committing to purchase a certain amount, you can get 100% discount on Parking.

Recently in Tokyo, increasingly began to appear, and automated Parking. They represent the freight Elevator, which you should just leave your car. A special system automatically brings the machine to one of the cells of the underground Parking complex, and when out in the same way returns to its owner. Usually, such Parking oversight of the operator, which helps the client to perform all manipulation, and before entering on it comes with a rotational platform that rotates the car in the right direction: in cramped conditions to turn using the normal steering impossible. Another type of such Parking spaces, conventional multi-storey car Park, lifting or lowering the car on several levels.

Violation of Parking rules in Japan is punishable by a fine in the amount of 18 thousand yen (9500 rubles), besides for this you can get a few penalty points, with a large number of which you want to say goodbye with a driver’s license. The police are usually not involved in the search of offenders, it is the job of “Parking police” — private companies cooperating with law enforcement. However, offenders in the city not so much, most of the drivers in good faith are looking to Park by the rules, and violate the most often, according to the observations, taxi drivers and small vans.

The text prepared by the editors of international information

Leave a comment

Confirm that you are not a bot - select a man with raised hand: